A Raajput (from Sanskrit raja-putra, “son of a king”) is a member of one of the patrilineal clans of western, central, northern India and some parts of Pakistan. They claim to be descendants of ruling Hindu warrior classes of North India. Raajputs rose to prominence during the 6th to 12th centuries. Until the 20th century, Raajputs ruled in the “overwhelming majority” of the princely states of Rajasthan and Surashtra, where the largest number of princely states were found.The Raajput population and the former Raajput states are found spread through much of the subcontinent, particularly in north, west and central India. Populations are found in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Jammu, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar.
There are several major subdivisions of Raajputs, known as vansh or vamsha, the step below the super-division jati. These vansh delineate claimed descent from various sources, and the Raajput are generally considered to be divided into three primary vansh: Suryavanshi denotes descent from the solar deity Surya, Chandravanshi from the lunar deity Chandra, and Agnivanshi from the fire deity Agni. Lesser-noted vansh include Udayvanshi, Rajvanshi, and Rishivanshi. The histories of the various vanshs were later recorded in documents known as vanshaavaliis.
Beneath the vansh division are smaller and smaller subdivisions: kul, shakh (“branch”), khamp or khanp (“twig”), and nak (“twig tip”). Marriages within a kul are generally disallowed (with some flexibility for kul-mates of different gotra lineages). The kul serves as primary identity for many of the Raajput clans, and each kul is protected by a family goddess, the kuldevi.
The Main Lineages
Raajputs who are descended from the thirty-six royal Kshatriya clans mentioned in the sacred books, the Puranas, and in the two great Indian epics, the “Mahabharata” and the “Ramayana”, are classified into three basic lineages (vanshas or vamshas)
Each of these Vanshas or lineages is divided into several clans (kula), all of whom claim direct patrilineage from a remote but common male ancestor who supposedly belonged to that Vansha. Some of these 36 main clans are further subdivided into shakhas or “branches”, again based on the same principle of patrilineage. Each shakha or basic sub-clan has its individual genealogical creed, describing the essential peculiarities, religious tenets, and original domicile of the clan. This creed is a touchstone of traditional affinities and provides all information governing the laws of intermarriage.
Major Suryavanshi clans
The Bais Raajput, (also known as Bhains Raajput in certain regions), are a powerful and ancient Raajput clan composed of the wealthy, warriors, entrepreneurs, and zamindar (land owners). The Bais claim descent from Lakshmana, brother of Rama. The Bais Raajput are renowned as warriors with the ability to maintain dominion over their empires. Their reputation was earned by their kings and landowners that ruled over northern India for and held vast tracts of land for the clan. Princely states of the Bais were Oudh, Lucknow, and Sialkot.
- Gotra: Bhardwaj
The most respected and highly distinguished amongst all the Raajput clans as a Raajput can not be a Kshatriya if not a Chattari. The mother caste of Suryavanshi Raajputs which originated from Rajputana in Rajasthan. However, there are many Gotras and sub castes in other major dynasties which emerged from the Chattari lineage. Chattaris belong to the military and ruling order of the traditional Vedic-Hindu social system as outlined by the Vedas.
Bardic tales and genealogical records suggest that the Gohil Raajput clan ruled over Saurashtra (Kathiawar) in present day Gujarat, India, in ancient times. Alexander Kinloch Forbes wrote in his Ras-Mala, “The Gohil Raajputs of the solar race to which belonged Ramchandra and the Vallabhi dynasty, migrated to Mewar after the destruction of Vallabhi (in Kathiawar)”. They were also known as Guhilputra, the name being derived from ‘guhu’, which means cave. The founder of the Gohil clan, Muhideosur Gohadit (Guhil) was born in a cave in 542 A.D. after the fall of Vallabhi, and so the dynasty came to be known as the Gohils. He became chief of a hilly tract of forests near modern Idar in north Gujarat in 556 A.D., and held sway till he died around 603 A.D., leaving behind a dynasty that, in the centuries to come, gave rise to kingdoms in Rajputana, Saurashtra and Gujarat, Central India and the Deccan, and from which also emanated the Ranas of Nepal.
The Suryavanshi Raajputs of Gaur are descendants of the Raajput Pala Dynasty which ruled ancient Bengal, then known as Gaur. Its capital was Lakshmanabati, named after the Pala king Lakshman Pal, under whose patronage the first literary work in Bengali, “Geet Govindam”, was composed by the Bengali poet Jayadeva (circa 1200 AD). Some old texts of the British raj refer to the Pala Raajputs as Gour or Gaur Raajputs. Government gazettes of the British era have references to Gaur Zamindars in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan.
A whole region of Gujarat, once ruled by them and named for them, was known as Jhalawar. There are many princely state rule by Jhala like Dhrangadhra was a 13-gun salute state in the 1920s, when it was ruled by members of the Jhala dynasty. At that time, Jhalas also governed in the 11-gun state of Wankaner and in the 9-gun states of Limbdi and Wadhwan, as well as in the non-salute states of Lakhtar, Sayla and Chuda.
During the 12th century, there was a war between Maharaja of Kirtigarh, Shri Kesar dev Makwana and emporer of sindh, Hamir Sumra. Only prince Kesardevji and Harpal devji survived that war. Eventually makawanas lost the war. Prince Harpal dev decided to hid him self in the woods. During his stay in jungle, he learned different arts and black magic from the rishi munies who were living there. He decided to get his kingdom back. He moved to ‘Anhilpur patan’ (Gujarat). He decided to stay at the place of hi relative Karnadev solanki. Due to his mastery in archery and sword fitting, he got the place in Raj Darbar of Anhilpur Patan. King of the state was concerned about the rebellious leader name ‘Babaro Bhut’. To test his bravery, Karna Dev(the king) sent Harpal dev to defeat Babaro.Harpal dev won the battle against Babaro and with his great intellectuals skill, he got successful to make friendship with Babro. Babaro and his men, then rebuilt the fort of Patan. As a reward of Harpaldev’s work, Karna dev gave him some villages near Patadi. Harpal dev got married to Shakti, the daughter of Karnadev solanki who helped him at initial stage. Shakti is the mother goddess of Jhalas today.
Kuldevi: Shree Marmara Devi
Janmadatri Devi: Shree Adhya Shakti Devi
Ishtdev: Chaturbhuj Vishnu
Mahadev: Triambakeshwar Jyotirlinga (Dwarka)
Aradhya Devi: Shree Hinglaj Mata
Aradhya Dev: Suryanarayan Dev
Sahayak Devi: Bhairavi Devi
The Kachwaha are a Suryavanshi Raajput clan who ruled a number of kingdoms and princely states in India such as Dhundhar, Alwar, and Maihar, while the largest and oldest state was Amber, now part of Jaipur. The Maharaja of Jaipur is regarded as the head of the extended Kachwaha clan. There are approximately 71 subclans of the Kachwaha, including the Rajawat, Shekhawat, Sheobramhpota, Naruka, Nathawat, Khangarot, and Kumbhani. They claim descent from Kusha, the younger of the twin sons of Rama. The Kachwaha clan ruled in Jaipur right up until modern times. The last ruling Maharaja of Jaipur was Sawai Man Singh II of Jaipur (1917–1970). Shortly after India’s independence in 1948, Sawai Man Singh peacefully acceded the state of Jaipur to the Government of India. He then was appointed the first Rajpramukh of Rajasthan.
- Kuldevi:Jamwai Mata
Minhas Raajputs are Suryavanshis and claim descent from Rama a legendary king of Ayodhya. In Rajputana, their closest cousins are the Kachwaha and Bargujar Raajputs of Jaipur. They trace their ancestry to the Ikshvaku dynasty of Northern India (The same clan in which Lord Rama was born. He, therefore is the ‘kuldevta’(family deity) of the Hindu Minhas Rajputs). Specifically, they claim descent from Kusha younger of the twin sons of Rama, hero of the Ramayana, to whom patrilineal descent from Surya is in turn ascribed.
Pakhral Raajput is a sub clan of Minhas Raajput. Pakhral Raajputs are the most dynamic rulers in the history of sub-continent and they deserve for holding the dinstinction of being the hero of sub-continent. The founders of the city and state of Jammu and its rulers from ancient times to 1948 C.E. Ansistors of Pakhral Rajputs are mostly Hindus, in early 18th and 19th century mostly Pakhral Raajputs embraced Islam and moved from Jaipur and Rajastan(India) to Kashmir and Pakistan. Punjab specially the area of Potohar and Azad jammu Kashmir is the origin of Pakhral Raajputs. Mirpur Azad jamu Kashmir and the Rawalpindi District mostly named as the area of potohar is very famous as the area of Pakhral Raajputs. Raja is mostly used as a title in Pakhral Raajputs which is derived from the word Raajput.
A suryavanshi Raajput clan of Chattari lineage in North India that claims solar origin by direct descent from Sri Rama Chandra of Raghav (Raghuvanshi) Raajput clan. Their traditional areas of residence are Rajputana, Trigarta Kingdom (the modern Jalandhar District), i.e. the areas of residence are mainly in the Indian states of Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh. They are a branch of Sisodya Raajputs of Rajputana who moved out of Mewar during the reign of Rana Amar Singh as he accepted the Mughal Supremacy of Jehangir and settled in Eastern Hills.
The Pundir (also spelled Pandeer, Pandir, Pundhir, Pundeer, Poondir or Poondeer) is a Suryavanshi branch of Raajputs. The word itself is derived from the Sanskrit word Purandara literally meaning “the destroyer of forts”. The Pundir Raajputs hold riyasat in Nahan, Garhwal, Nagaur and Saharanpur where their Kuldevis are situated. Their shakha is Koolwal and their Kuldevis are Shakumbhri Devi in Saharanpur and Rajasthan along with Punyakshini Devi in Garhwal with their gotra being Pulastya and Parashar. Elliot writes that in the Haridwar region of Uttar Pradesh, where they are most prominent today, over 1,440 villages are claimed by Pundir Raajputs with high concentrations in the districts of Dehradun, Saharanpur, Muzaffarnagar, Aligarh and Etawah. According to the British census of 1891 the population of the Pundir Raajputs was recorded at approximately 29,000. The Pundir clan has its origins with Raja Pundarik, the fourth king in line after Kusha. Pundarik is revered as a Rishi and his temple is situated in Katheugi village of the Kullu district in the state of Himachal Pradesh. The rishi is depicted as a white Naga and in the Puranic lore Pundarik is the name of a White Naga and the legend of Pundarik Rishi also affirms his birth as a Naga from an earthen pot. Kusha, the second born of Sita and Ram, is said to have been the progenitor of the Pundirs.
The Narus of Hoshiarpur District claim that their ancestor was a Suryavanshi Raajput of Muttra, named Nipal Chand, and descended from Raja Ram Chand. He was converted in the time of Mahmud of Ghazni and took the name of Naru Shah. Naru Shah settled at Mau in Jalandhar, Whence his son, Ratan Pal, founded Phillaur hence founded the four Naru parganas of Haryana, Bajwara, Sham Chaurasi and Ghorewaha in Hoshiarpur and that of Bahram in Jullunder. The chief men of these parganas are still called Rai or Rana. Some kept Brahmans of the Baadeo got.
The Rathore are a major Raajput clan originally descended from the Gahadvala Dynasty in Kannauj in Uttar Pradesh. At the time of the end of the British Raj in 1947 they were rulers in 14 different princely states in Marwar, Jangladesh, Rajasthan, and Madhya Pradesh. The largest and oldest among these was Jodhpur, in Marwar and Bikaner. The Maharaja of Jodhpur is regarded as the head of the extended Rathore clan of Hindu Raajputs. At the time of Tod’s list in 1820, the Rathore clan had 24 branches, including the Barmera, Bika, Boola, Champawat, Dangi, Jaitawat, Jaitmallot, Jodha, Khabaria, Khokhar, Kotaria, Kumpawat, Mahecha, Mertiya, Pokharan, Mohania, Mopa, Randa, Sagawat, Sihamalot, Sunda, Udawat, Vanar, and Vikramayat.
- Gotra:Goutam, Kashyap, Shandilya
- Ved:Samved, Yajurved
The Sisodias are Suryavanshi Raajputs claiming descent from Lord Rama through his son Lava. They were known as the Ranas of Mewar, which was a princely state under the British Raj. The earliest history of the clan claims that they moved from Lahore to Shiv Desh or Chitor in 134 AD. They established themselves as rulers of Mewar in 734 AD, ruling from the fortress of Chittorgarh. They trace their descent from Bappa Rawal (ruled 734–753), eighth ruler of the Guhilot Dynasty.
Major Chandravanshi clans
Bhati Raajputs are a Chandravanshi Raajput clan from the Jaisalmer region of western Rajasthan. The Maharajas of Jaisalmer trace their lineage back to Jaitsimha, a ruler of the Bhati Raajput clan. The major opponents of the Bhati Raajputs were the powerful Rathor clans of Jodhpur and Bikaner. They used to fight battles for the possession of forts, waterholes or cattle. Jaisalmer was positioned strategically and was a halting point along a traditional trade route traversed by the camel caravans of Indian and Asian merchants. The route linked India to Central Asia, Egypt, Arabia, Persia, Africa and the West. Bhati Raajputs were proficient horse riders, marksman and warriors. Their reign spread to the Punjab, Sindh and beyond, to Afghanistan. The City of Ghazni was named after a brave Bhatti warrior. In Lahore, a monument exists to this day, which is called the Bhati Gate, named so probably because it opens in the direction of the “Sandal Bar”, an area ruled by Rai Sandal Khan Bhati Raajput. They earned too much by imposing the taxes levies on the passing Carvans.they were known as a great shooter with Gun.
The Bhangalia clan are the erstwhile rulers of Chota and Burra Bhangal in Kangra District of Himachal Pradesh.
In the early 10th century, the Chandelas (Chandravanshi lineage) ruled the fortress-city of Kalinjar. A dynastic struggle (c.912-914 CE) among the Pratiharas provided them with the opportunity to extend their domain. They captured the strategic fortress of Gwalior (c.950) under the leadership of Dhanga (ruled 950-1008).
- Gotra:Chandatreya (Chandrayan), Sheshdhar, Parashar and Goutam
The Chudasama and their collaterals the Raizada are a branch of the Lunar or Chandravanshi line of Raajputs, who trace their origin to Lord Krishna.
- Mata:Mahasati Ansuya
- Kuldevi:Shree Ambaji Maa
- Sahayakdevi:Aai Shree Khodiyar Mataji (Matel)
- Kuldev:Lord Shri Krishna
- Mahadev:Sidhdheswar Mahadev
- Pravar:Durvasa, Datatrey, Chandra
Jadauns (also known as Jadons) claim to have descended from the Hindu mythological character Yadu. As the descendents of Yadu, they are classified as under the Chandravanshi branch of the Raajput caste hierarchy. However according to The Rajputana gazetteers, Aphariyas clan of Yaduvanshi Ahirs also claims descent from Jadauns. Although, they are Yadavs. Jadauns also occupied the forts of Bijai Garh, built by Pundir Rajputs, at Bayana and Timan Garh near Karauli. The distance between the two forts is about 50 kilometers. The Great Fort of Majhola in Moradabad District of Uttar Pradesh was also built by the Jadauns. Jadons are among the 36 royal clans of Raajputs, They are of Chandravanshi lineage and Kuldevi of Jadon’s is Kaila devi at Karauli (Rajasthan).
- Kuldevi:Kaila devi (Karauli)
Jadeja is the name of a major clan of Yadavs or Chandravanshi Raajputs.
- Mata:Mahasati Ansuya
- Kuldevi:Shree Momai Mataji (Ambaji Maa from the time of Lord Krishna called Mahamaya/Yogmaya means Momai Maa)
- Ishtadevi:Shree Ashapura Mataji (Matano Madh)
- Adhisthadevi:Maa Hinglaj Devi
- Kuldev:Somnath Mahadev(Veraval), Sidhhnath Mahadev(Dwarka)
- Pravar:Tran Om Somdat, Durvasa, Angira Muni
The Jarral are both a Hindu and Muslim Raajput tribe of Jammu and Kashmir in India and Azad Kashmir and Punjab in Pakistan. This Raajput tribe belongs to Chandravanshi (Lunar race) lineage. Jarrals are Aryans. They claim to be descendants of Pandavas of Mahabharata through prince Arjuna who was a brave hero of Mahabharata. The grandson of Arjuna was Parikshit after his death his elder son Janamjaya became Maharaja of Hastinapur his younger brother Prince Nakashena became the king of Indarprasth and after they got power they moved to Kalanaur in Punjab. Raja Naka does many marriages and his tribe was known as Jarral. In 1187 after defeat by Muslim King Shab-u-Din they lost Kalanaur. Shab-u-Din invited the Jarral Raja to accept Islam and the Raja accepted Islam but many other Jarrals did not accept Islam and moved to different parts such as Jammu, Punjab and Himachal Pradesh. After conversion the Muslim Jarral become an out caste. The other Raajput rulers broke their relations with Muslim jarrals after which the Muslim Jarrals became weak and moved to Rajauri district in Kashmir and defeated Sardar Amna Pal the king of Rajauri. After this the royal Dynasty of Muslim Jarrals ruled over Rajauri for 670 years. The Hindu jarrals also moved to various places in Jammu region in Bhaderwah, Bhalessa the main families of Hindu Jarral Raajput are found and the Muslim Jarrals are found in Azad Kashmir, Noweshra and Rajouri-poonch. But there are majority of Muslims in this caste.
The Katoch clan of the Chandravanshi lineage is considered to be one of the oldest surviving clan in the world. They first find mention in the mythological Hindu epic The Mahabharta and the second mentions in the recorded history of Alexander the Great’s war records. One of the Indian kings who fought Alexander on the river Beas was a Katoch king Parmanand Chandra famously known as Porus. In past centuries, they ruled several princely states in the region. The originator of the clan was Rajanaka Bhumi Chand. Their famous Maharaja Sansar Chand-II was a great ruler. The ruler Rajanaka Bhumi Chand Katoch founded the Jwalaji Temple (now in Himachal Pradesh).
- Gotra:Kashyap, Shunak
- Ishta:Nag Devta
The Pahore (also known as Pahur or Pahor) are a clan of Chandravanshi Raajputs. They use Khan or Jam or Malik as title.
The Raijada or Raizada are the descendants of the ruler of Junagadh, a kingdom in the Saurashtra peninsula. Junagadh was ruled by the Chudasama Raajputs, who were a branch of the Lunar or Chandravanshi line.
The Sarvaiya rajputs come from a branch of the Chudasamas, Rajputs. Sarvaiya, Chudasama and Raijada consider themselves to be brethren and as such do not intermarry. They worship Khodiyar as sahayak devi and Momai as kuldevi.
Their name derives from the estate of Sarva, which they once ruled when Kunvar Bhimsinh ji waived his right to be the king of Junagadh state, to his younger brother. Among other estates, that they ruled were Amreli,Hathasni, Jesar, Vasavad, Santhli, Chital, Kundla, Gohilwad, Chhatrasa, Chiroda, Chok, Paa, Ranigam, and other estates in Kathiawar. ( total 911 estate holders )
Until the independence of India in 1947, the princely state of Jesar, Hathasni and nearby estates were ruled by Sarvaiya Rajputs. The Jesar along with other Princely States was merged into Union of India to form the United State of Kathiawar.
Soam (also known as Som or Somvanshi) are Chandravanshi Raajputs. They have descended from Mahabharata. They are the direct descendants of Som (or Moon). As the name “SOM” indicates, this community belongs to lunar dynasty. King Dushyant, his son Bharat, all Pandavas and Kauravas were Somvanshis(Chandravanshi Raajputs).
Tomaras, or Tuvars, or Tanwars, are Chandravanshi Rajputs, and descended from Mahabharat’s great hero, Arjun, through his son Abhimanyu, and grandson, Parikshat. Chakravarti Samrat (King) Yudhishtra, founded Indraprastha, present day Delhi. King Anangpal conquered and re-established the Delhi Kingdom in CE 792 and founded the city of ‘Dhillika’, (modern Delhi). Besides Delhi, He covered western U.P. and most of present day Haryana and Punjab. Tomar’s rule lasted until CE 1162 when last Tomar King Anangpal II appointed Prithviraj Chauhan, his grandson (his daughter’s son), and King of Ajmer- as ‘caretaker’, since his own sons were very young at that time. According to the accounts kept by Tomar/Tanwar ‘Jagas’, King Anangpal Tomar appointed Prithviraj Chauhan as caretaker only when he went on a religious pilgrimage. It is also said by Tanwar ‘Jagas’ that when King Anangpal returned, Prithviraj refused to hand over the kingdom to him. Jagas are a caste in Rajasthan who are hereditary keepers of genealogical records of Rajputs.
Major Agnivanshi clans
The bhaal gotra of Raajputs belong to Garhmukteshwar Bulandshar Siyana Aligarh and many parts of Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.There are 62 villages in Garhmukteshwar and Siyana tehseel.In these villages various gotras of Raajput/Chauhans are lived and married in different gotras of Raajput clans.Mainly all Raajput gotra of this area called Chauhan and this palace called Chauhanpuri.The gotras are mostly Vats Gahlot Bhaal Kuchawah Kemlaksha Bhati Parihar Tomar and many more.
The Chauhan (also known as Nirban) are of Agnivanshi lineage. Their state was initially centered around Khetri, Khandela, Alsisar Malsisar, Srimadhopur, Alwar, Jhunjhunu, Sikar and Churu. According to legend and clan history, the Nirwan or Nirban are with Maharana Pratap against Akbar in Haldighati Battle. Nirban’s have many gotras, most of these gotras are Baloji, Pithoraji, Kaluji. Another clam using the same name originated as feudatories of the Pratiharas and rose to power in the wake of the decline of that power. Their state was initially centered around Sambhar in present-day Rajasthan. In the 11th century, they founded the city of Ajmer which became their capital. In the 12th century, their the then King Prithviraj Chauhan acquired Delhi from his maternal grand father, the then King Anangpal. Their most famous ruler was Prithviraj Chauhan, who won the First Battle of Tarain against an invading Muslim army but lost the Second Battle of Tarain the following year. This loss heralded a prolonged period of Muslim rule over northern India.
- Kuldevi:Ashapura Mata
- Devta:Shri Krishna
The Dodiya/Dodia are Agnivanshi Raajput, one of the most celebrated Chauhan branches and according to their traditions, they were based in and around Multan in Punjab (now in Pakistan) during 12th and 13th centuries, when they built a fort near Multan by the name of Rohtashgarh. In the 14th century the Dodiya Raajputs migrated to Gujarat and established their kingdom around Girnar Junagadh. The first rajah of this state was Phul Singh Dodiya, followed by Rawat Soorsinghji, Rawat Chandrabhansinghji, Rawat Krishnaji, Rawat Chalotji and Rawat Arjundasji. A small number of the Dodiya migrated to Mewar accompanying the Rajmata of Mewar as an escort. The Dodiyas proved their valour in various battles in the service of Mewar, including the Battle of Haldighati, and were rewarded with the jagir of Lava (later called Sardargarh).
The Chavda dynasty (Chawda, Chavada, Chapa, Chaparana, Chapokata) was a Hindu Kshatriya family line that ruled what is now northern Gujarat from 746 to 942.
- Kuldevi:Chamunda Mata
The Mori clan is one of the 36 royal clans of Raajputs & falls in 24 eka clans which are not divided further. Mori Raajputs are sub clan of Parmara Raajputs of Agnivansh. They ruled Chittor & Malwa till early part of eighth century & built the biggest fort in India at Chittor in the reign of Chitrangad Mori (Ref: Archaeological survey of India)). Last king of Mori Dynasty of Chittor was Maan Singh Mori who fought against Arab invasion. Qasim attacked Chittor via Mathura. Bappa, of guhilote (Sisodia) dynasty, was a commander in Mori army. After defeating Bin Qasim, Bappa Rawal obtained Chittor in dowry from Maan Singh Mori in 734 A.D. Then onwards Chittor is ruled by Sisodia Raajputs.Later Mori & Parmar Raajputs continued to rule Malwa until Muslim incursions. Of late they remained as smaller royal states & jagirdars in the central India in present state of Madhya Pradesh, presently settled in Dhar, Ujjain, Indore, bhopal, Narsinghpur & Raisen.
The Naga were one of the ancient most kshatriya tribes of India who evolved from Suryawansha (the Solar Clan of ancient Kshtriyas of India) and ruled large parts of the country at different times. They spread throughout India during the period of the epic Mahabharata. Anthropologist Gelek Lonbsang believes they have distant ancestry with East Asians based on their similar physical features. The demi-god tribe called Suparnas (in which Garuda belonged) were arch-rivals of the Nagas. However, the Nagas near Kashmir seems to be the original abode of all of them. Places like Anantnag attests this theory. The worshippers of Naga were supposedly known as Naga or Nagil. Some Nair and Bunt clans claims to be of Nagvanshi origin. The trace of nagvanshi can be find out in Chotanagpur i.e. Jharkhand (Rai) community and (Shahdeo) community are also nagvanshi Raajput.
Paramaras are Agnivanshi Rajputs that were near-neighbours of the Solankis. They originated as feudatories of the Rashtrakutas and rose to power in the 10th century. They ruled Malwa and the area at the border between present-day Gujarat and Rajasthan. Bhoja, the celebrated king of Malwa, belonged to this dynasty. In the 12th century, the Paramaras declined in power due to conflict with the Solankis and succumbed to attack from the Delhi sultanate in 1305.
- Kuldevi:Sinchimaay Mata, Durga in North India, Kali in Ujjain
Solankis are an Agnivanshi group descended from the Chalukyas of Karnataka who ruled much of peninsular India between the 6th and 12th centuries. In the 10th century, a local branch of the clan established control over Gujarat and ruled a state centered around the town of Patan. They went into decline in the 13th century and were displaced by the Vaghela/Baghela.
- Gotra:Bhardwaj, Manavya, Parashar